PSCE either is directly involved as a partner or contributes indirectly to various EU projects, which aim to influence the development of more effective communication systems for public safety.
COncORDE - Development of Coordination Mechanisms during Different Kinds of Emergencies
The threat of mass casualty incidents or medical surges to healthcare systems has always been present. Preparing essential parts of the healthcare system such as hospitals and their partners to prevent, respond, and rapidly recover from these threats is critical for protecting and securing the entire health infrastructure. Large-scale disaster situations causing mass casualty incidents are characterised by large numbers of same-type injuries which require immediate and simultaneous medical intervention and means of support such as ambulances, surgeries, specialists, diagnostic equipment and others.
These characteristics underline the need for enhanced communication between medical institutions and other organisations involved in disaster management. At the same time, the surge of demand for services to patients points to the need for better organisation within hospitals concerning the deployment of specialists and the availability of medical supplies, transportation, rooms and equipment.
While a variety of incidents may necessitate an emergency response, different types of such incidents (natural disasters, explosions, humanitarian crises and others) mean a different framework for responders. While health responders are ubiquitous in their involvement with the response to an emergency situation, the parameters regarding how they are involved greatly differ with the type of threat represented.
The COncORDE project will develop a Decision Support System (DSS) to improve preparedness and interoperability of medical services during an emergency which affects the health of the population at local, regional or cross-border level. The project will incorporate existing operational assets related to security, trust and infrastructure and leverage them within the DSS.
PSCE is mainly involved in dissemination activities and definitions of working groups of stakeholders and experts.
→ Visit COncORDE: http://www.concorde-project.eu/
E2mC (Evolution of Emergency Copernicus services) project aims at demonstrating the technical and operational feasibility of the integration of social media analysis and crowd-sourced information within both the Mapping and Early Warning Components of Copernicus Emergency Management Service (EMS).
The Project will develop a prototype of a new EMS Service Component (Copernicus Witness), designed to exploit social media analysis and crowdsourcing capabilities to generate a new Product of the EMS Portfolio.
The purpose of the new Copernicus Witness Service Component is to improve the timeliness and accuracy of geo-spatial information provided to Civil Protection authorities, on a 24/7 basis, during the overall crisis management cycle and, particularly, in the first hours immediately after the event. This will result in an early confirmation of alerts from running Early Warning Systems as well as first rapid impact assessment from the field.
The technological enabler of the Copernicus Witness is the innovative and scalable Social&Crowd (S&C) Platform, developed by E2mC. Heterogeneous social media data streams (Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, and different data: text, image, video, ) will be analysed and sparse crowdsourcing communities will be federated (crisis specific as Tomnod, HOT, SBTF and generic as Crowdcrafting, EpiCollect.).
The BROADMAP project will take the first steps towards future procurement of ‘interoperable next generation of broadband radio communication systems for public safety and security’ (DRS-18) to improve PPDR’s service to Europe’s citizens and enhance interoperability across borders.
The primary goal of this project is to:
Collect and validate the PPDR (Public Protection and Disaster Relief) organisations’ existing requirements with the aim to establish a core set of specifications, and roadmap for procurement, to achieve future evolution of EU broadband applications and interoperable radio communication solutions
This project implements a Coordination and Support Action (CSA) with the purpose to inform and guide the future procurement of research and development, networks and devices and their deployment to realise new interoperable broadband networks, and the ecosystems of applications and services to support the PPDR and critical communications community.
The outcomes of BROADMAP will likely feed into later Pre-Commercial Procurement (PCP) actions, and/or Public Procurement of Innovative Solutions (PPI), which may be subject of subsequent projects funded by EC.
Project BROADMAP addresses the following goals which will likely define the PCP, or other subsequent procurement steps defined as appropriate:
- To collect, assess and validate the PPDR’s wireless broadband communication requirements
- To establish a core set of specifications to fulfil the requirements
- To define transition roadmaps for research and standardisation for future evolution of European interoperable radio communication solutions, within legal procurement constraints
- To prepare the ground for a new eco-system to catalyse new applications, services and processes making use of broadband capabilities for public safety and security
- To utilise the strength of the PPDR community through our partners, their expertise, knowledge, networks and relations with the aim to achieving interoperability across Europe. This importantly includes nuances of societal differences, including different cultures, geography, processes and legal frameworks (See section 3.3 for details of geopolitical coverage)
BROADMAP Press Release is available here.
→ BROADMAP: http://www.broadmap.eu/
DRIVER - Driving innovation in crisis management for European resilience
DRIVER starts from the experience that neither successful R&D nor strong end-user demand always lead to innovation in the Crisis Management (CM) domain. This is a problem since as societies become more complex increasing scope and unpredictability of potential crises and faster dynamics of major incidents put increasingly stringent demands on CM. European CM capabilities already constitute a mature System of Systems; hence wholesale redesign would often be too costly and might critically destabilise existing CM capabilities.
Therefore DRIVER focuses on augmenting rather than replacing existing capabilities and will aim at producing a comprehensive, well-balanced and cost-effective Portfolio of CM tools exploiting high potential RTD work from the last decade, not least in FP7 and FP6 projects. This portfolio will address not only needs of professional responders but also of society at large. DRIVER will carry out experimentation campaigns in three strands: tools and methods for responders, resilience of civil society and learning by both. The intra-strand experimentation leads into two Joint Experiment campaigns and a Final Demo focusing on challenges requiring highly complex interaction between CM tools.
To evaluate and benchmark these CM tools, a strong evidence base for tool selection is crucial; to this end DRIVER will build a distributed European CM Test-bed, itself a major innovation. To maximise impact beyond the scope of the project and of the DRIVER consortium it is necessary to develop the sustainability of the European Test-bed, the exploitation of the DRIVER Portfolio of Tools and to make emerge a European CM community, which shares a common CM understanding and is increasingly willing to share capabilities and collaborate in CM innovation. These three objectives need and feed each other, thus developing Europe’s ability to continue adapting its CM capabilities to emerging needs long after the project end.
PSCE will be mainly in charge of DRIVER Community Database and dissemination activities.
→ Visit DRIVER: http://driver-project.eu/
EMYNOS - Next generation emergency communications
Current emergency systems and 112 services are based on legacy telecommunication technologies, which cannot cope with IP-based services that European citizens use every day. Some of the related limitations are the partial media support, the lack of integration of social media, and the use of an analogue modem for providing eCall services with limited data amount. As most operators have started migrating towards broadband IP-based infrastructures, current emergency systems need also to be upgraded and adapted in order to fulfill regulatory requirements in terms of Next Generation emergency services.
The main objective of EMYNOS project is the design and implementation of a Next Generation platform capable of accommodating rich-media emergency calls that combine voice, text, and video, thus constituting a powerful tool for coordinating communication among citizens, call centres and first responders.
Additionally, EMYNOS addresses issues such as call routing/redirection to the closest-available call center, retrieval of the caller location, hoax calls prevention, support for people with disabilities, and integration of social media.
PSCE is contributing to the definition of user requirements (WP2) and is leading dissemination activities (WP5).
→ Visit EMYNOS: http://www.emynos.eu/
EPISECC - Establish pan-European information space to enhance security of citizens
In a disaster situation, three major elements contribute to a success: having the right resource available in the shortest time, with the highest relevance and at the right location.
Access to necessary information, communication with other rescuers and stakeholders as well as the availability of resources are key factors in minimizing damage and loss of life. Large-scale disasters and crises situations increase the requirements on man and material exponentially. Additional challenges, in particular in cross border events, include language barriers, knowhow and organizational barriers and technical barriers (communication and data exchange).
To address this challenge it is necessary to analyse three defining factors:
- Past responses to critical events and disasters in terms of time and cost
- The data and data management tool used by crisis managers and first responders
- The organisational structures of the crisis managers and first responders
This analysis will enable the definition of a concept for a common information space. A requirement for a successful pan-European information space is the definition of a common taxonomy. The common information space, which implies an EU wide standardization activity, will widen the EU wide market for organization developing solutions and tools for crisis management.
Apart from dissemination activities, PSCE contributes to the inventory of events, disasters, data sets, tools, services, procedures and processes used by first responders and other stakeholders.
→ Visit EPISECC: https://www.episecc.eu/
Modelling crisis management for improved action and preparedness
The CRISMA project focused on large-scale crisis scenarios with immediate human, societal and economic consequences often irreversible. It developed a CRISMA System to model crisis management scenarios, improve action and preparedness.
The software developed by the CRISMA Consortium can help decision makers and crisis managers to model possible crisis scenarios, assess the consequences of an incident and optimise the deployment of resources necessary to resolve the crisis.
The project ran from March 2012 to August 2015. Throughout the course of the project, PSCE was in charge of dissemination activities and the organisation of various project events and workshops to present the project’s results.
→ Visit CRISMA: http://www.crismaproject.eu/
SALUS - Security and interoperability in next generation PPDR communication infrastructures
The main goal of SALUS is to design, implement and evaluate a next generation communication network for Public Protection and Disaster Relief (PPDR) agencies, supported by network operators and industry, which will provide security, privacy, seamless mobility, QoS and reliability support for mission-critical PMR voice and broadband data services. The project covers the full techno-economic scope regarding development and deployment of the next generation PPDR networks by focusing on the integration with / migration to 4G wireless communications developments targeting three critical scenarios 1) city security, 2) disaster recovery, and 3) temporary protection. SALUS addresses key research challenges such as enterprise architectures, economic and business analysis, and a number of technical aspects concerning QoS, resilience, inter-systems handover (secure, seamless and fast), enhanced security, privacy mechanisms in heterogeneous network infrastructure, and multicast broadband PPDR services.
PSCE is involved in different scenario analyses, use cases, standardisation and dissemination activities.
→ Visit SALUS: http://www.sec-salus.eu/
COSMIC - The Contribution of social media in crisis management
The COntribution of Social Media in Crisis management (COSMIC) project identified the most effective ways to utilise new information and communication technologies (ICTs) in crisis situations for the protection of ordinary citizens.
It worked to ensure better linkages between prevention, detection, reporting and rescue in crisis situations, as well as assist officials and first responders (i.e., police and law enforcement agencies, search and rescue and medical personnel) in using new ICTs and applications to be more effective and efficient during crises.
The project resulted in a set of guidelines for citizens, government authorities, first responders and industry for the most effective use of ICTs to aid citizen security during crises.
The project ran from April 2013 to April 2015. Throughout the course of the project, PSCE was in charge of dissemination activities and the organisation of various project workshops and the COSMIC final conference.
→ Visit COSMIC: http://www.cosmic-project.eu/
ACRIMAS - Aftermath crisis management Phase I
ACRIMAS was a 15 months Support Action (SEC-2010.4.1-1) with 15 partners from 10 European countries, which developed a roadmap for an upcoming Demonstration Project (in Phase II) within Crisis Management (CM).
This roadmap elaborated a systematic development process for crisis management systems, procedures and technologies in Europe, that was implemented within the demonstration project.
ACRIMAS also emphasised the importance of community-building which was supported by the execution of Phase II, bringing together the various key stakeholders and the available infrastructures in a case-by-case demonstration or experimentation activity.
The role of PSCE was to consolidate and validate user requirements, raise awareness on research and future developments, and update a Research and Technological Roadmap.
→ Visit ACRIMAS: http://www.acrimas.eu/
Project proposal (under evaluation in the European Commission)